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Burn treatment and how to determine the degree

Use the following chart to determine the degree of burn as well as how to treat the burn.

First degree (redness, mild swelling and pain) 

  • Apply cool water and/or sterile dressing. 
  • Don't apply butter, margarine, etc. 

Second degree (deeper, blisters develop)

  • Immerse in cool water and blot dry.
  • Apply sterile dressing.
  • Treat for shock.
  • Obtain medical attention, if severe.
  • Don't break blisters, remove shreds of tissue or use antiseptic, ointment spray or home remedies on severe burns.

Third degree (deeper destruction, skin layers destroyed)

  • Cover with sterile cloth to protect.
  • Treat for shock.
  • Watch for breathing difficulty.
  • Obtain medical attention quickly.
  • Don't remove charred clothing that is stuck to burn, apply ice or use homemade medication.

This contains generally accepted first aid information. However, because every situation is different, the publishers are not assuming liability for the accuracy or use of the information contained herein.

Back to First Aid Tips

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